Augmented Reality:

A Guide to Augmented Reality

Augmented reality (AR) is a live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It is related to a more general concept called mediated reality, in which a view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer

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Augmented Reality turns the environment around you into a digital interface by placing virtual objects in the real world, in real-time. Augmented Reality can be seen through a wide variety of experiences. We distinguish 3 main categories of Augmented Reality tools.

Augmented Reality 3D viewers, like Augment, allow users to place life-size 3D models in your environment with or without the use of trackers. Trackers are simple images that 3D models can be attached to in Augmented Reality.

Augmented Reality browsers enrich your camera display with contextual information. For example, you can point your smartphone at a building to display its history or estimated value.

The last way that Augmented Reality is generally experienced is through gaming, creating immersive gaming experiences that utilize your actual surroundings. Imagine shooting games with zombies walking in your own bedroom! The biggest use of Augmented Reality gaming to-date is Pokémon Go, allowing users to catch virtual Pokémon who are hidden throughout a map of the real world.

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Top 10 Emerging Technologies:

Welcome guys!

I have been talking about different technologies in my recent posts so I checked out about emerging technologies of this year and this is what I found out.

Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2016:

1. Nanosensors and the Internet of Nanothings

With the Internet of Things expected to comprise 30 billion connected devices by 2020, one of the most exciting areas of focus today is now on nanosensors capable of circulating in the human body or being embedded in construction materials. Once connected, this Internet of Nanothings could have a huge impact on the future of medicine, architecture, agriculture and drug manufacture.

2. Next Generation Batteries

One of the greatest obstacles holding renewable energy back is matching supply with demand, but recent advances in energy storage using sodium, aluminium and zinc based batteries makes mini-grids feasible that can provide clean, reliable, round the clock energy sources to entire villages.

3. The Blockchain

Much already has been made of the distributed electronic ledger behind the online currency Bitcoin. With related venture investment exceeding $1 billion in 2015 alone, the economic and social impact of blockchain’s potential to fundamentally change the way markets and governments work is only now emerging.

4. 2D Materials

Graphene may be the best-known, single-atom layer material, but it is by no means the only one. Plummeting production costs mean that such 2D materials are emerging in a wide range of applications, from air and water filters to new generations of wearables and batteries.

5. Autonomous Vehicles

Self-driving cars may not yet be fully legal in most geographies, but their potential for saving lives, cutting pollution, boosting economies, and improving quality of life for the elderly and other segments of society has led to rapid deployment of key technology forerunners along the way to full autonomy.

6. Organs-on-chips

Miniature models of human organs – the size of a memory stick – could revolutionize medical research and drug discovery by allowing researchers to see biological mechanism behaviours in ways never before possible.

7. Perovskite Solar Cells

This new photovoltaic material offers three improvements over the classic silicon solar cell: it is easier to make, can be used virtually anywhere and, to date, keeps on generating power more efficiently.

8.Open AI Ecosystem

Shared advances in natural language processing and social awareness algorithms, coupled with an unprecedented availability of data, will soon allow smart digital assistants help with a vast range of tasks, from keeping track of one’s finances and health to advising on wardrobe choice.

9. Optogenetics

The use of light and colour to record the activity of neurons in the brain has been around for some time, but recent developments mean light can now be delivered deeper into brain tissue, something that could lead to better treatment for people with brain disorders.

10. Systems Metabolic Engineering

Advances in synthetic biology, systems biology and evolutionary engineering mean that the list of building block chemicals that can be manufactured better and more cheaply by using plants rather than fossil fuels is growing every year.

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Organs-on-Chip:

Hey guys ! Welcome back and today I will be sharing information about one the emerging technologies that is Organs-on-chip.

An organ-on-a-chip (OC) is a multi-channel 3-D microfluidic cell culture chip that simulates the activities, mechanics and physiological response of entire organs and organ systems, a type of artificial organ.Organs_on_chip are Microchips lined by living human cells that could revolutionize drug development, disease modeling and personalized medicine.

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Clinical studies take years to complete and testing a single compound can cost more than $2 billion. Meanwhile, innumerable animal lives are lost, and the process often fails to predict human responses because traditional animal models often do not accurately mimic human pathophysiology. For these reasons, there is a broad need for alternative ways to model human diseases in vitro in order to accelerate the development of new drugs and advance personalized medicine.

With their ability to host and combine the different cell and tissue types making up human organs, organs-on-chips present an ideal microenvironment to mimic human-specific pathophysiologies and enable molecular and cellular scale analysis and identification of new therapeutic targets within an organ-level context in vitro. They even allow recreating therapeutically relevant interfaces like the blood-brain-barrier to facilitate discovery of new drug delivery platforms or culturing living microbiome for extended times in direct contact with living human intestinal cells to enable insights into how these microbes influence health and disease.

Hope this post would have helped you understand what organs-on-chip actually isand what are its benefits.

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Digital Twin:

Hey guys!

Digital twin : when I read this term first time I was very curious to know about this term Not many of us know about this concept so I just want to throw some light on this topic.

Until the beginning of the 21st century, the only way to gain detailed information about the status of any operating industrial equipment was to be in physically proximity and have the ability to inspect it. Today, increased computing power and connectivity are making it possible to virtualise this task by creating and maintaining a digital representation, or “digital twin”, of any piece of real equipment, and thus of any plant or engine.

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Digital twin refers to a dynamic software model that uses sensor data to understand its state. It responds to the changes accordingly and improves its operations. They include a combination of metadata, state, event data, and analytics. It has been predicted that within 3-5 years, hundreds of millions of things will be represented by digital twins. They’ll be used for planning and repairing equipment services, for operating factories and increasing the efficiency. They’ll replace the combination of skilled human resources and traditional monitoring devices.

Hope this post reveals some interesting facts about this concept.Do like and follow guys for more such interesting topics.

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Conversational System:

Conversational System :The name itself talks everything about this technology.Well defining what actually it is :  A dialog system or conversational agent (CA) is a computer system intended to converse with a human, with a coherent structure. Dialog systems have employed text, speech, graphics, haptics, gestures and other modes for communication on both the input and output channel.

In short conversational systems interact with people through language to assist, enable, or entertain.

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Digital communication has evolved significantly and is expected to become more ‘human like’ as it continues to mimic more aspects of natural human behavior. Computers with conversational capabilities are increasingly becoming a reality today. This is a huge leap from keyboard and mouse dominated human-device interaction or the ‘touch and swipe’ actions we use on screen today. Most computer-human interactions are already powered by text messaging through simple intuitive commands. In the near future, we will go from screen-based interfaces to intangible ones such as gesture and voice-based interfaces.

In future, in the conversation interface arena, the focus will shift from chatbots and microphone-enabled devices to the digital meshes that will encompass a wide range of endpoints. Later, we’ll observe a greater cooperative interaction between devices, creating a path for a new ambient digital experience

There are many projects going on based upon this technology. so hope you guys liked it. Don’t forget to like and follow.

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10 Most dangerous Malware:

Welcome Guys!

As we know more and more devices are now connecting to internet and with this rises the concern of security.This post is not about some technology but to make you all familiar with some dangerous malware that can cripple your device.I read about these malware and felt like sharing these with you all .

Top 10 Most Dangerous Malware:

  1. Conficker: Worm that enabled remote operations and malware download
  2. Sality: Virus that allows remote operations and downloads additional malware
  3. Locky: Spreads mainly via spam emails with disguised downloader
  4. Cutwail: Botnet used to send spams and take part in DDoS attacks
  5. Zeus: Trojan used to steal banking information
  6. Chanitor: Installs malicious payloads on infected machines
  7. Tinba: Banking trojan
  8. Cryptowall: Ransomware that uses AES encryption and conducts C&C communication over TOR
  9. Blackhole: Exploit kit that uses browser and plugin security flaws
  10. Nivdort: Bot that’s used to steal passwords and modify setting.

Hope you guys got some useful information about dangerous  malware.This post though is not a science or tech. topic but is a concerning topic when it comes to security of systems. So,I decided to write a post on it.Hope you guys liked it.

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Artificial Intelligence II:

I talked about risks of Artificial Intelligence in my last post and did so because I thought that though  AI is one of revolutionizing technologies ,it could be a potential threat in future.

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines. In computer science, an ideal “intelligent” machine is a flexible rational agent that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal.

From SIRI to self-driving cars, artificial intelligence (AI) is progressing rapidly. While science fiction often portrays AI as robots with human-like characteristics, AI can encompass anything from Google’s search algorithms to IBM’s Watson to autonomous weapons.

Over the last decade or two, researchers have pushed successfully at the frontiers of “Machine Learning.“One of their breakthroughs involves the use of a technique called deep learning. Though it takes many forms, one example of deep learning is the creation of electronic “neural networks” that can mimic different basic operations occurring in real webs of neurons. The “deep” part comes from stacking up the operations of the electronic neural networks.These integrated networks allow a computer to execute a truly higher operation like facial recognition

Artificial intelligence today is properly known as narrow AI(or weak AI), in that it is designed to perform a narrow task (e.g. only facial recognition or only internet searches or only driving a car). However, the long-term goal of many researchers is to create general AI (AGI or strong AI). While narrow AI may outperform humans at whatever its specific task is, like playing chess or solving equations, AGI would outperform humans at nearly every cognitive task.

At last I would like to conclude this topic with a quotation:

Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has the potential of helping civilization flourish like never before – as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial.“                                                   Max Tegmark, President of the Future of Life Institute

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